Lions are mammals and, like other mammals, give birth to live young instead of laying eggs. Female lions, or lionesses, give birth to their cubs after a gestation period of around 110 days.
During the final weeks of pregnancy, the lioness will start to isolate herself from the pride and seek out a secluded area where she can give birth. This is a natural behavior that helps to protect the vulnerable cubs from potential threats.
When the time comes, the lioness will typically give birth to a litter of two to four cubs, although litters of up to six cubs have been recorded. The cubs are born blind and helpless, weighing only around 1.5 kg (3.3 lb) each.
The lioness will spend the first few weeks after giving birth in the den with her cubs, nursing them and keeping them warm and protected. The male lion, or lion(s), of the pride will typically help to protect the mother and her cubs from predators and other threats.
Once the cubs are a few months old, they will start to venture out of the den and explore their surroundings. They will continue to nurse from their mother until they are around six to eight months old, at which point they will start to eat solid food and learn how to hunt.
It’s important to note that observing wild animals during sensitive times, such as when they are giving birth or caring for their young, should always be done with great care and respect, and in a manner that does not disturb or harm the animals or their environment.